Glossary of Internet Terms

AAP Address Allocation Protocol

AD Area Director

ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

AfNOG African Network Operations Group

AfriNIC African Network Information Centre

API Application Programming Interface

APNIC Asia Pacific Network Information Centre

ARIN American Registry for Internet Numbers

ARP Address Resolution Protocol

AS Autonomous System

ASN Autonomous System Number

ASP Application Service Provider

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

BCP Best Current Practices

BGP Border Gateway Protocol

BoF Birds of a Feather

ccTLD country code Top-Level Domain

CGN Carrier Grade NAT (Network Address Translation)

CDN Content Distribution Network: a network of servers that improves the timeliness and availability of Internet content. (sometimes also called a “Content Delivery Network”)

CPE Customer Provided Equipment

DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DDoS Distributed Denial of Service

DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHT Distributed Hash Table

DNS Domain Name System

DNSSEC Domain Name System Security Extensions

DOCSIS Data over Cable Service Interface Specification

DSL Digital Subscriber Line

DTN Delay-Tolerant Networking

EPP Extensible Provisioning Protocol

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions

FTP File Transfer Protocol

gTLD generic Top-Level Domain

HIP Host Identity Protocol

HMAC Hash Message Authentication Code

HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IAB Internet Architecture Board

IAD IETF Administrative Director

IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

IAOC IETF Administrative Oversight Committee

IASA IETF Administrative Support Activity

ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol

ID Internet Draft

IDN Internationalized Domain Name

IDNAbis Internationalized Domain Name in Applications (Revised)

IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group

IETF Internet Engineering Task Force

IP Internet Protocol

IPR Intellectual Property Rights

IPsec Internet Protocol Security

IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4

IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6

IRSG Internet Research Steering Group

IRTF Internet Research Task Force

IS-IS Intermediate system to intermediate system

ISOC Internet Society

ISP Internet Service Provider

ITU-T International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector

IXP Internet Exchange Point

JWT Joint Working Team

LACNIC Latin American and Caribbean Network Coordination Centre

LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LDP Label Distribution Protocol

LTE Long Term Evolution is a project of the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) to define the latest standard for mobile network technology.

LIR Local Internet Registry

L2TP Layer 2 Tunnelling Protocol

MAC Message Authentication Code

MD5 Message Digest Algorithm

MPLS Multiprotocol Label Switching

MPLS TE Multiprotocol Label Switching Traffic Engineering

MPLS-TP Multiprotocol Label Switching-Transport Profile

MTU Maximum Transmission Unit

NAT Network Address Translation

NAT-PMP Network Address Translation-Port Mapping Protocol

NAT-PT Network Address Translation-Protocol Translation

NOC Network Operations Centre

NomCom Nominations Committee

NREN National Research and Education Network

NSF National Science Foundation

NSRC Network Startup Resource Centre

OASIS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OSI Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model

OS Operating System

OSS Open Source Software

QoS Quality of Service

PI Provider Independent

PIM Protocol Independent Multicast

PIM-SM Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode

PKIX Public-Key Infrastructure

POP Point of Presence

P2P Peer-to-Peer

RFC Request For Comments

RFID Radio-Frequency Identification

RFP Request For Proposals

RG Research Group

RIPE NCC Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre

RIR Regional Internet Registry

SDO Standards Development Organization

SDP Session Description Protocol

SHA-1 Secure Hash Algorithm

SIP Session Initiation Protocol

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

SSH Secure Shell (protocol)

STUN Simple Traversal of User Datagram Protocol [UDP] Through Network Address Translators [NATs]

TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TLD Top-Level Domain

TLS Transport Layer Security

T-MPLS Transport-Multiprotocol Label Switching

TTL Time To Live

UDP User Datagram Protocol

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UPnP Universal Plug and Play

URI Uniform Resource Identifier

URL Uniform Resource Locator

VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol

VPN Virtual Private Network

VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal

W3C World Wide Web Consortium

WG Working Group

WLAN Wireless Local Area Network

WPAN Wireless Personal Area Network

XML Extensible Markup Language

XML-RPC Extensible Markup Language – Remote Procedure Call